Your clientele wants to know how to obtain maximum tanning results. Understanding the tanning process will help you answer those questions.

30 million North Americans turn to tanning salons as a controlled alternative to outdoor tanning.

Skin is exposed to ultraviolet light, which is made up of 3 components:
UVB, UVA 1 & 2.
UVB triggers the melanocytes in the skin’s outer layer to produce melanin.
The result is a visible reddening of the skin called Erythema.
UVA 1 & 2 rays oxidize the melanin as it rises to the surface and causes it to turn brown.
UVA 1 – penetrates deeper and actually oxidizes the melanin.
UVA 2 – has both characteristics of UVB and UVA 1.

Finding Balance

Finding the right lamp with the perfect balance of UVA and UVB can be difficult. Radiance helps you determine the best lamp by providing UVB percentages, TE and TM times for each lamp in your FREE Radiance® Product Guide.

In addition to lamps, a person’s skin type also determines how quickly he or she will achieve a tan. Below is a quick reference guide on skin types.



Typical Coloring

UV Response

Type 1

Very Fair

Pale to fair skin tone, red to blond hair, blue or green eyes.

Burns very quickly. Tanning never occurs.

Type 2


Light to medium skin tone, blond to light brown hair, blue, green or grey eyes.

Burns easily and tanning is minimal.

Type 3


Medium to olive skin tone, light brown to dark brown hair, grey or brown eyes.

Burns moderately. Tanning is gradual, but occurs most of the time, yielding a light brown shade.

Type 4


Light brown to dark olive skin tone, dark hair, dark eyes.

Burns minimally. Always tans well to a moderate to dark brown shade.

Type 5 & Type 6


Naturally tanned moderate brown, dark brown, to black skin tone, dark hair, dark eyes.

Rarely burns, if ever. Deeply pigmented, tans profusely to dark brown skin.